Liberation Square is the focal point of life in Cairo, the Egyptian capital, as the surrounding area is packed with some of Egypt's most prominent buildings. Buildings such as:
- the Egyptian Museum, which was tragically looted during the protest last week,
- the National Democratic Party (NDP) Headquarters,
- the Mogamma government building,
- the Headquarters of the Arab League
- as well as the original downtown campus of American University.
The square is of such national importance one national newspaper is quoted as saying "whatever happens in Tahrir Square immediately becomes a national concern" The square has also been the a traditional staging ground for Cairenes with grievances against the government, an examples being the bread riots of 1977 or more recently protests against the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003.